Phase II study to evaluate the efficacy of Trastuzumab in combination with Capecitabine and Oxaliplatin in first-line treatment of HER2-positive advanced gastric cancer: HERXO trial
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CANCER CHEMOTHERAPY AND PHARMACOLOGY
Type of content
DeCSdesoxicitidina | fluorouracilo | resultado del tratamiento | neoplasias gástricas | tasa de supervivencia | oxalacetatos | estudios de seguimiento | estudios prospectivos | mediana edad | adulto | unión esofagogástrica | protocolos de quimioterapia antineoplásica combinada | anciano | humanos
MeSHStomach Neoplasms | Adult | Middle Aged | Fluorouracil | Follow-Up Studies | Survival Rate | Oxaloacetates | Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols | Esophagogastric Junction | Humans | Treatment Outcome | Deoxycytidine | Prospective Studies | Aged
PURPOSE: The phase III ToGA trial established cisplatin, fluoropyrimidine and trastuzumab as the standard treatment in HER2-positive advanced gastric cancer (AGC). However, as demonstrated in HER2-negative AGC, oxaliplatin-based regimens could improve tolerance remaining effective. The aim of this trial was to explore the potential activity and safety of capecitabine, oxaliplatin (XELOX) and trastuzumab in patients with HER-2 positive advanced gastric cancer. METHODS: We conducted a multicentre, prospective, non-randomised, non-controlled, open-label and national (Spanish) phase II study. Patients with HER2-positive advanced gastric or gastro-oesophageal junction (EGJ) cancer received XELOX and trastuzumab as first-line treatment. Primary endpoint was objective tumour response rate (ORR). RESULTS: 45 patients from ten hospitals in Spain were included from September 2011 to December 2013. Median age was 65 years, 82.2% were male, 69% had gastric cancer and 31% had EGJ tumours. At a median follow-up of 13.7 months (7.1-20.9), the estimated median progression-free survival and overall survival were 7.1 (95% CI 5.5-8.7) and 13.8 months (95% CI 10.1-17.4), respectively, with 8.9%, 37.8% and 31.1% of patients achieving complete response, partial response and stable disease. Regarding safety, 44.4% of the patients had grade 3 or greater adverse events, being the most frequent diarrhoea (26.6%), fatigue (15.5%), nausea (20%) and vomiting (13.3%). Only two patients (4.4%) developed asymptomatic grade 2 left ventricle ejection fraction reduction. CONCLUSIONS: XELOX-trastuzumab is a promising and effective therapy as first-line treatment for patients with HER2-positive AGC, with comparable results to the ones obtained with other "platinum-based" regimens. This scheme is feasible and tolerable with a low incidence of cardiac toxicity.